This political piece was painted in response to a proposal by writer Alain Jouffroy to honour the memory of the artist Topino-Lebrun, who painted a picture of the death in 1797 of Gaius Gracchus Babeuf, one of the early pioneers of socialism. Napoleon Bonaparte had the artist guillotined in 1801 on trumped-up charges of attempting to assassinate him. The tragic end of Topino-Lebrun became Erró's inspiration, which he relates to recent events – the death of socialist president Salvador Allende in the military coup in Chile in 1973. Erró uses the dagger and axe from Topino-Lebrun's painting, and in order to reinforce the compositional background he creates perspective using a colonnade inspired by Hans Vredeman de Vries. Additionally, he uses pictures from various sources; from everyday life, comic strips, propaganda posters and press cartoons.