Guðmundur Guðmundsson (b. 1932)
- About the artist
- Selected works
Guðmundur Guðmundsson (b. 1932), better known as Erró, is without a doubt the best known contemporary artist of Iceland. After studying in Iceland, at the age of 20 he was admitted to the Oslo Academy of Fine Art, Norway. In 1954 he studied at the Florence Academy of Art and later in Ravenna, Italy, where he focussed on mosaic technique. In 1958 he moved to Paris in 1958, where was accepted by the local Surrealists with open arms. In 1963, Erró travelled for the first time to New York and came into contact with Pop Art, which was coming into vogue at the time. For the next few years he worked in different media, such as performance art and experimental cinema, in addition to painting. He quickly became one of the pioneers of Pop Art and European narrative figuration. Erró has lived in Paris for more than fifty years; he usually spends part of the winter in Thailand and in summer he stays at his house in Formentera, Spain.
In 1989 Erró gave the City of Reykjavík a large collection of his works, a total of about 2,000 items, including paintings, watercolours, graphic art, sculptures, collages and other works spanning the artist's entire career from his youth. In addition to the art works, Erró gave the city an extensive collection of private correspondence and other documents relevant to his artistic career. These rich sources are of great value for all research on the artist Erró and his time. The collection has grown steadily over the years; Erró has continued to add to the gift and in addition works have been purchased for the collection, which now numbers about 4,000 works of art.
Exhibitions from the Erró collection are a regular fixture at the Hafnarhús site of the Reykjavík Art Museum, with the purpose of giving as clear an image as possible of the diverse character of the artist's works.
Reykjavík Art Museum has a little over 70 sculptures by Erró. Most of them are from his student years in the 1950s at the Icelandic College of Arts and Crafts (forerunner of the Iceland Academy of the Arts). The few sculptures he has made since then date from 1959–63. These are assemblage pieces, a kind of three-dimensional collage composed of materials which Erró found on rubbish dumps and at street markets in Paris. His first assemblage pieces were made for the series Mécamasks in 1959. In 1962 he made sets and props for a short film by Éric Duvivier, Concerto mécanique pour la folie ou La Folle Mécamorphose. After 1963 Erró rarely worked with the assemblage form.
Reykjavík Art Museum has approximately 900 prints by Erró, created using a variety of techniques. In his student years, Erró used mainly stamp prints, etchings, linocuts, woodcuts and metal.
In 1958–62 he focused on lithography, which is a quicker, more spontaneous form. In later years Erró has been working increasingly with digital printing. For Erró graphic art is to painting what audio recording is to music: a powerful medium for disseminating his work, making it accessible to a mass public.
Reykjavík Art Museum has about 2,500 drawings by Erró. Most of them date from the period from around 1944, when Erró was 12 years old, to 1963 when he started using collages rather than sketches as the basis for his paintings and watercolours. From the early 1980s his watercolour sketches (here categorised with the drawings) have formed an additional stage between his initial collage and the final painting. A black- and-white drawing has in some cases been added as one of the stages in Erró's creative process, interpolated in the process from collage via watercolour to the final painting.
Listasafn Reykjavíkur á eitt Textíl verk eftir Erró.
Reykjavík Art Museum possesses more than 600 collages by Erró. The oldest of these were made at the Icelandic College of Arts and Crafts (forerunner of the Iceland Academy of the Arts) in 1950–51. In 1963–64 there was an important turning point in Erró's art, when he stopped depicting fantastical creatures and instead opted to work with collages based on mass-produced images of our consumerist society, which then became the models for paintings or prints. Since then Erró has been in the habit of creating collage sketches for other pieces, and the same motifs are often seen in a collage and a painting, print or watercolour. In 2010, a retrospective of Erró's collages was held in the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris.
Pie tiramisu pudding pie caramels apple pie. Applicake chocolate bar applicake. Toffee caramels bear claw candy oat cake croissant. Cookie dessert jelly-o sweet jujubes sesame snaps tart bonbon sweet roll. Caramels chocolate sweet chocolate bar danish cake tiramisu oat cake brownie. Bear claw lemon drops candy marzipan. Ice cream marzipan sweet toffee cake.